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Diabetes Type 1 and Diabetes Type 2

Diabetes is a defect in the body’s ability to convert glucose (sugar) to energy. Glucose is the main source of fuel for our body and when food is digested it is changed into fats, protein, or carbohydrates. Foods that affect blood sugars are called carbohydrates. Carbohydrates, when digested, change to glucose. Examples of some carbohydrates are: bread, rice, pasta, potatoes, corn, fruit, and milk products. Glucose is then transferred to the blood and is used by the cells for energy. In order for glucose to be transferred from the blood into the cells, the hormone insulin is needed. Insulin is produced by the beta cells in the pancreas (the organ that produces insulin).

In individuals with Diabetes, this process is impaired. Type 1 Diabetes develops when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient quantities of insulin.  Type 2 Diabetes develops when the insulin produced is defective and cannot move glucose into the cells. Either insulin is not produced in sufficient quantities or the insulin produced is defective and cannot move the glucose into the cells.

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms:

Blurred vision
Excessive hunger
Excessive thirst
Frequent urination including bedwetting
Nausea and vomiting
Unexplained weakness and fatigue
Vaginal discharge or itch
Weight loss

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms:

Blurred vision
Feeling thirsty all the time
Numbness and tingling in the feet or legs
Recurrent infections
Urinating more frequently

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